Addiction as a Disease / Disorder Concept:
This concept is the most looked at and debated concept. Ironically it is also the most practiced and used treatment modality. The disease concept is an altered state of central nervous system that comes from an inability to quit abusing drugs and alcohol. The result of which is sickness in the brain caused by this inability. This altered state of the mind is ever present in alcoholic or addict and can only be lessened through sobriety. The disease concept is found in most 12-step based and recovery-oriented programs and is utilized as the standard treatment practice by a majority of drug rehab facilities. Why the debate? Because people have a hard time seeing a self-inflicted problem like addiction as they do with contracted diseases. Still, most governmental treatment officials do refer to the addiction problem’s “disease” like symptoms when discussing addiction.
Addiction as a Choice Concept:
A lesser concept used in treatment, the choice concept is the idea that a person has fallen into drug addiction because they have chosen to do so. Interestingly enough, the choice to quit the addiction is also up to the individual. Treatment is then tailored to help that person make the changes in their life to make that choice. With this they look into a person’s background and address some of the social and behavioral situations that have made this choice possible. A drug rehab that uses this type of concept can use many diverse forms of therapy to look at the alcoholic or addict’s lifestyle and address why they have chosen addiction. Treatment then addresses changing the behaviors that lead to those choices.
Addiction as a Product Concept:
This concept focuses on the underlying issues that cause addiction. Alcohol and drug addiction are a product of other factors. This concept will use therapy and sometimes hypnotherapy to look into the emotional and psychological factors that fuel the addiction. These influences can be caused by childhood trauma, medical factors, and can even be a psychiatric disorder. The feelings in this concept are that the results of these influences can create the desire to use alcohol and drugs to suppress such issues. A continuance of therapy can help the individual to come to terms with the underlying factors and thusly help them with their addiction problem.