Ativan is a potent and fast-acting drug that is used to treat anxiety disorders. Also known by its pharmaceutical name lorazepam, Ativan is a benzodiazepine drug that works by quickly increasing the availability of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) to the brain. This increase in GABA has a calming effect on the central nervous system. This leads to a tranquilizing effect on the mind and body.
The Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) considers Ativan to be a Schedule IV controlled substance under the Controlled Substances act. This means that, along with other benzodiazepines, the DEA considers Ativan to be subject to substance abuse.
How long does Ativan stay in your system? Well, this will depend on your size, weight, and how much of the drug you have taken. Kidney function studies show that Ativan has a half-life of about fourteen hours. A half-life is the amount of time it takes an individual's system to metabolize a drug to half its original concentration. This means that Ativan decreases in concentration in the body by half every fourteen hours, until the kidney ultimately eliminates it through urine.
Ativan clearance rates are anywhere between 0.9 to 2.0 ml/min/kg. Clearance rates do not measure how long Ativan stays in your system. They are instead a measure of how much plasma is cleared of the drug per minute. Younger people tend to have a quicker clearance rate than those who are older.
Intravenous (IV) administration of Ativan allows the drug to enter the bloodstream directly, making its effects more immediate. But how long does IV Ativan stay in your system? The rate at which it is metabolized and eliminated from the body remains relatively the same as with oral administration. Given Ativan's half-life of approximately 14 hours, the drug is typically cleared from the system in about three days. However, its metabolites may be detectable in certain drug tests, such as hair tests, for up to 30 days. Remember, these timelines can vary depending on personal factors, including metabolism, age, weight, liver function, and the duration and frequency of use.
Regardless of the dose, the half-life of Ativan remains the same, approximately 14 hours. Thus, a lower dose of 0.5mg of Ativan would typically be cleared from the body within about three days. However, when answering the question, how long does .5 Ativan stay in your system - consider that the metabolites of Ativan can be detected in drug tests for longer periods. The lower the dose, the less likely the metabolites will be detected for extended periods, though individual factors can significantly affect these timelines.
Similar to the 0.5mg dose, 1mg of Ativan also adheres to the standard half-life of around 14 hours. Consequently, the drug would generally be eliminated from the system within three days. The metabolites of Ativan, however, might still be detectable in drug tests for longer, especially in hair follicle tests which can trace drug use for up to 30 days or more. While determining how long does 1mg Ativan stays in your system, consider these timeframes as estimates. They can be influenced by factors such as individual metabolism, age, body weight, and liver function.
In determining how long does Ativan stay in your system, the timeline for Ativan’s effects fluctuates according to varying factors, including dosage, individual metabolism, and mode of administration. Here's a general outline of what you can expect after taking Ativan:
Immediate Effects (15-30 minutes): Ativan is rapidly absorbed in the body, and its effects can be felt within 15 to 30 minutes after oral ingestion. If administered intravenously, the effects can be felt almost immediately. The onset of effects includes feelings of relaxation, decreased anxiety, and sedation.
Peak Effects (1-2 hours): The peak effects of Ativan are generally experienced within one to two hours after oral administration. During this time, individuals may experience peak levels of sedation, relaxation, and reduction in anxiety symptoms. This period may be shorter with intravenous administration.
Steady Decline (2-8 hours): After the peak effects, the influence of Ativan gradually declines. However, the calming and sedating effects may still be apparent, though less intense. During this phase, the body is actively metabolizing and eliminating the drug.
Diminishing Effects (8-24 hours): Within this period, the effects of a single dose of Ativan begin to fade. However, depending on the factors mentioned earlier, some people might still experience residual effects, like drowsiness or mental fog. After a single dose, Ativan should largely be metabolized and cleared from the system in about 24 hours due to its half-life of about 14 hours.
Post Use (24+ hours): After 24 hours, the effects of Ativan are usually no longer perceptible, but the drug or its metabolites may still be detectable in the body through drug tests. It's important to note that the withdrawal symptoms can begin to occur around this time for individuals who have been using Ativan regularly and then abruptly stop.
Repeated Use: For people using Ativan regularly, the body develops a certain degree of tolerance, requiring increased doses to achieve the same effect. This can result in physical dependence and a higher risk of addiction.
This timeline is an approximation when determining how long does Ativan stay in your system and can differ significantly based on individual factors, such as age, weight, liver function, and genetic factors. You should consult with a healthcare specialist for personalized advice related to the use of Ativan.
While we’ve covered important subjects such as how long does Lorazepam stay in your system and the duration of Ativan in your system, several other factors can influence how long Ativan stays in the body. These include:
Body Mass and Composition: Ativan is fat-soluble, which means that it is stored in the body's fat cells. This means people with higher body fat levels may store Ativan for longer, which can lengthen the time it takes for the drug to leave the system.
Metabolic Rate: A person's metabolic rate can also influence how long Ativan stays in the system. Individuals with a faster metabolism may process and eliminate the drug more quickly than those with a slower metabolic rate.
Age: Metabolism generally slows down as a person ages, meaning that older individuals may retain Ativan in their system longer than younger individuals.
Liver Function: Ativan is primarily metabolized in the liver. Individuals with liver disease or impaired liver function may process the drug more slowly, causing it to remain in the system for a longer period.
Dosage and Frequency of Use: When questioning how long does Ativan stay in your system, the dosage and frequency of Ativan use can significantly impact how long the drug stays in the system. Higher doses and more frequent use can accumulate the drug in the body, thereby increasing the elimination time.
Interaction with Other Drugs: Certain medications can interact with Ativan, affecting how quickly it is metabolized and eliminated from the body. If you take other medications, it is important to inform your healthcare provider as they could interact with Ativan.
Genetics: Some people may genetically metabolize Ativan faster or slower than others. Genetic factors can affect the enzymes involved in drug metabolism, influencing how long the drug stays in the system.
Hydration and Dietary Habits: Hydration levels and diet can also impact how quickly the body processes and eliminates Ativan. Staying well-hydrated and maintaining a healthy diet can potentially help the body eliminate the drug more efficiently.
It's crucial to note that these factors vary widely among individuals, meaning that the duration Ativan remains detectable in the body can vary significantly from person to person. Always consult a healthcare professional for information tailored to your specific circumstances.
How long Ativan stays in your system also depends on the system that is being used for testing. A drug test for Ativan can detect the presence of the drug at varying times from ingestion. The time it takes for Ativan to be undetectable in a person's system depends on the type of drug test that a tester might carry out.
It can take anywhere between three to thirty days for the drug to fully leave an individual's system. These drug tests can include:
Urine tests detect Ativan that passes through the kidneys. The body then uses urine made by the kidneys to eliminate the drug. Urine screening tests can detect the drug in samples up to six days after the last dose. This window of time may be longer for those who take the drug regularly at higher doses.
One form of urine testing for Ativan involves looking for the metabolite lorazepam-glucuronide. The body produces this substance when breaking down the drug. With this form of testing, the detection of Ativan may take place up to nine days after the last use.
Sometimes, a false positive urine test may occur. This is when the test shows a positive result even if the tested individual has never ingested Ativan. This can occur if the individual is taking an anti-depressant drug, sertraline, or the anti-inflammatory drug, oxaprozin.
A blood test can detect Ativan as quickly as six hours after ingestion. From then, blood tests can still detect the drug for up to three days. The duration of this period could be longer in cases where an individual has been taking Ativan at higher doses for three days or more.
Drug testers rarely use saliva tests as a way to screen for Ativan. Even so, if a drug tester uses a saliva drug test, they may detect the drug for up to eight hours after last use.
When screening for Ativan using hair testing, much like other substances, testers send hair samples to a testing lab. These testing labs can detect Ativan in hair samples for much longer periods of time than with any other method of drug test. This period can be as long as 30 days after use.
A surprising use of Ativan is its use in treating irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Doctors may prescribe the drug to individuals who suffer from IBS if anxiety is a trigger for their IBS symptoms. There is no cure for IBS; however, reducing an individual's anxiety reduces negative symptoms associated with it. Medical professionals may avoid the use of Ativan if the individual they are treating has a history of substance abuse.
Being a Schedule IV drug, the DEA considers Ativan to be subject to drug abuse. Taking Ativan for any period of time can lead to both physical dependence and psychological dependence. Those who have a history of alcohol abuse or mental health disorders are more likely to struggle with an addiction to Ativan.
Ativan is addictive, meaning that individuals who use it may experience physical dependence and withdrawal symptoms. Ativan dependence makes it hard for someone struggling with a substance use disorder to stop using the drug, even in the face of problems associated with it, such as:
Those with a long history of Ativan addiction may build a tolerance to the drug. This is when an individual uses a drug regularly for long enough to need a higher dose to achieve the same effects. Building a tolerance to Ativan can mean that an individual struggling with substance abuse is at risk of an overdose.
An overdose on Ativan is possible at any level above what your doctor has prescribed for you. The same warning goes for anyone taking many different types of prescription drugs.
Overdoses involving benzodiazepines can be either intentional or not. In either case, it is important to know the signs and symptoms involved in an Ativan-related overdose. These can include:
If you or someone you know is experiencing any of these symptoms, it is important that you receive professional medical advice immediately. Call 911 to speak to a medical professional as soon as possible. If a medical professional is able to get to the individual in enough time, the less likely it is that they will suffer from health issues.
Even after a short period of usage, Ativan can be physically addictive. This means that experiencing uncomfortable withdrawal symptoms can be common when an individual goes through an Ativan detox.
If you have been taking Ativan regularly, for even a short period of time, and stop using the drug suddenly, it is possible that you may experience any of the following symptoms:
No matter how long Ativan might stay in your system, consuming alcohol alongside the drug can be dangerous. It is not recommended that someone taking Ativan engages in even short-term alcohol consumption. Dangers involving mixing the two substances are as follows:
Doctors may, however, prescribe Ativan to individuals with alcohol use disorder in order to ease withdrawal from alcohol. This should only be done with the guidance of licensed medical professionals.
While Ativan can be beneficial in treating anxiety and other conditions, long-term use can lead to several potential side effects. These can include:
Cognitive Impairment: Long-term use of Ativan can lead to cognitive impairment, affecting memory, attention, and decision-making skills. This can impact an individual's ability to perform daily tasks, work, or study effectively.
Physical Dependence: Regular, long-term use of Ativan can lead to physical dependence as the body becomes accustomed to the drug's presence. This can result in withdrawal symptoms when the drug use is reduced or stopped.
Psychological Dependence: Psychological dependence can also develop, where the individual feels a need to continue using the drug despite harmful consequences. This can lead to addiction and require professional treatment.
Tolerance: Over time, the body may develop a tolerance to Ativan, meaning higher doses are required to achieve the same effects. This can increase the risk of overdose and other serious health effects.
Mental Health Problems: Long-term use of Ativan can also exacerbate existing mental health problems or contribute to the development of new ones, such as depression or suicidal thoughts.
Changes in Sleep Patterns: Chronic use of Ativan can lead to changes in sleep patterns, including insomnia or disturbed sleep, even when the drug is taken as directed.
Discussing these potential risks with your healthcare provider and seeking their advice if you are concerned about the long-term use of Ativan is essential.
Addiction is a disease. Treatment involving Ativan, or other drugs, is widely available. Understanding that underlying mental health disorders and behavioral health conditions can be the driving force of addiction is a vital aspect of addiction treatment. Treatment centers use different forms of treatment involving:
At our residential treatment center in Utah, we at Cirque Lodge understand that rehabilitation is not a punishment. That is why our programs provide effective inpatient treatment that nurtures personal development in a supportive environment. We offer addiction treatment, not only for Ativan and benzodiazepines but also for alcohol and other substances.
Treatment that cares, is a treatment that works. This is why our phone lines are open twenty-four hours a day. Contact us if you are ready to start your journey to a better life and leave addiction behind you.